In vitro fertilization (IVF)
IVF treatment is also called extracorporeal fertilization. It is one of the most efficient methods of infertility disorders. The principle of the method is collection of mature eggs to which sperm is added under laboratory conditions. The sperm can reach the egg in natural way and fertilized eggs are subsequently placed back in the uterus of the woman.
39 - 57% of women get pregnant in the first IVF cycle, depending on their age. In women older than 40 years, success rate of this method drops up to 28% within one IVF cycle.
Thanks to IVF treatment, thousands of couples around the world today have a dream baby that they could not have without the help of doctors.
For whom is this treatment appropriate?
- For couples where a woman suffers from blocked fallopian tubes, inflamed adhesions of the pelvis or endometriosis
- For couples where the woman does not have enough eggs
- For couples with immunological causes of infertility
- For couples in which the man has a decreased sperm count
- For couples where it was necessary to use the TESE microsurgical method to obtain sperm
- For couples where there is another cause of infertility according to the physician's indication
What is the IVF method?
The basic principle of IVF treatment is the hormonal stimulation of female ovaries to create an optimal number of follicles, from which eggs are subsequently obtained. The eggs thus removed are subsequently fertilized in the embryological laboratory by the sperm of the partner. Fresh sperm can be used to fertilize the eggs, so the partner must provide a semen sample before the woman's eggs collection or frozen sperm is used. Approximately on the third day (in the case of prolonged cultivation on 4th - 5th day) after the collection of the eggs, embryos are transferred in the uterus of the woman.
What should I know about the OPU, or rather the egg collection?
OPU consists in aspiration of the follicular fluid into which the eggs are released. It is performed with a special needle through the vaginal arch under ultrasound control. OPU is done in the morning and it is essentiol that the woman is on an empty stomach (she must not eat or dring from midnight on) Examination of a GP is required to show that the woman is fit for surgery.
What should I know about embryo transfer?
Embryo transfer is one of the most important parts of IVF treatment. It consists in introducing the embryo with catheter though the cervix into the uterine cavity, again under ultrasound control. In this procedure, the ultrasound scan is performed through the abdominal wall, so it is advisable to have the bladder filled, because the penetration of the catheter with the embryo into theuterus is more visible. The entire procedure can be viewed on the operation room screen.
Can my partner accompany me to an embryo transfer to the theatre?
Yes, your partner may be present throughout the entire procedure right in the theatre in this case. In the case of egg sampling it is not possible.
How many embryos do you recommend for transfer?
At GENNET clinics, we recommend transferring only one embryo to reduce the risk of multiple pregnancy.
What happens to embryos that are not immediately transferred?
Excessive embryos that developed correctly can be frozen by vitrification and thus preserve them for possible future cycles.